Over centuries, innovative methods and new technologies are developed and opened up. Some of these technologies are due to theoretical research, others commercial research and development. Technological growth includes incremental developments and disruptive technologies.
Contemporary technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage. Converging technologies represent previously distinct fields which are in some way moving towards stronger inter-connection and similar goals.
Contemporary technologies include a variety of technologies such as big data, data science, data mining, data warehouse, hadoop, etc.